We read in the gospel of saint Matthew the 22nd chapter; But when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered themselves together. One of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” And He said to him, ” ‘YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND.’ “This is the great and foremost commandment. “The second is like it, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’ “On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.” Matthew 22:34-40 NASB
An expert in the Mosiac Law attempts to ask Moshiach a question that will stump Him or incriminate Him. The “lawyer” asks; “Rabbi, which is the great commandment in the Torah?”
Yeshua (Jesus) who is the promised Moshiach and Son of the living God is not befuddled nor was He incriminated but instead gives a very profound answer, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND.’ This is the most important commandment. The second in importance is, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’
Then Yeshua the promised Messiah decided to ask the experts a question that confounded them.
Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question: “What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?” They said to Him, “The son of David.” He said to them, “Then how does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying, ‘THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, ”SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I PUT YOUR ENEMIES BENEATH YOUR FEET”‘? “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?” No one was able to answer Him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day on to ask Him another question. Matthew 22:41-46 NASB
Yeshua asked; if King David calls the Messiah ‘Lord’ (Adoni — which means “my Lord”) how can the Messiah be David’s descendant?
Yeshua quotes Psalms 110:1-2 written by David the shepherd lad who became the second king of Israel. The proper name of the G-d of Israel in Hebrew is יְהֹוָ then transliterated into English is Yhvh pronounced (yeh-ho-vaw’) sometimes used as Yehovah or Jehovah. Another name for Lord in Hebrew is in English the transliteration of the word is “Adoni” that means “my Lord”, which can refer to either a human lord or divine Lord.
Yehovah said to my Adoni, “sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies beneath Your feet.”
Yehovah said to my Lord, that is Father God said to David’s Lord; “sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies beneath Your feet.” The reason King David calls Him “my Lord” is because Messiah is the KING of Kings and the LORD of Lords. Yeshua ha’Mashiach (Jesus the Christ) is the Son of the living God, the promised Messiah.
Another name for Lord in Hebrew is אֲדֹנָי in English the transliteration of the word Adonai always means divine “Lord”. David uses this word Adonai in Psalms 110:5 also referring to Messiah as in verse 1.
The Lord is at Your right hand;
He will shatter kings in the day of His wrath.
Psalm 110:5 NASB
Here verse five King David writes in the Spirit that Adonai is at the right hand of Yehovah, repeating what he said in verse one. So Adoni / Adonai is seated at the right hand of Yehovah. A divine Lord (Adonai) is seated next to Yehovah. As we continue we see that Adonai is the Messiah, who “will shatter kings in the day of His wrath.” That is when Messiah returns during a time known by the Hebrew prophets as, “the day of the Lord”; Adonai Messiah will shatter kings in the day of His wrath.
Yeshua the Messiah existed before His incarnation in Bethlehem, where He was born of a virgin named Mary. “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities–all things have been created through Him and for Him.” Colossians 1:15-16 NASB
Mashiach existed in the beginning with His Father in heaven. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.” John 1:1-5 NASB
But not only is Messiah David’s Lord He is also his Son. The genealogy of Yeshua (Jesus) the Moshiach can be traced back to King David’s royal line.
Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, Copyright © 1960,1962,1963,1968,1971,1972,1973,1975,1977,1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.
Advent of Messiah, Copyright © 2010 by David M. Cook, all rights reserved.