Category Archives: God’s promise to Abram

Who is the God of Israel?


By David Cook

Is the God explained by the Jewish Rabbis from the Talmud; the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob?  What about Chabad-Lubavitch; the Orthodox Hasidic Jews in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York.  Do they  have the true wisdom, understanding, and knowledge of the God of Israel?  Is the seventh Rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson really the promised Moshiach?  Since the Rebbe passed away on June 12, 1994, does this mean the Moshiach will come twice?  How about Kabbalah Judaism; is this Jewish mysticism revealing the hidden mysteries about the God of Israel through their esoteric method, discipline and school of thought?  What about the Messianic Yeshuanikim; do they have revelation of the divine nature of YHVH Elohim from Yeshua the Moshiach?  Other Jews are non-religious, and consider themselves Secular Jews; and range from humanism, agnosticism to atheism, intertwined with various aspects of rationalism.  Many believe that man and all of creation is the result of random change, plus time; over billions of years of evolution.  For the humanist, agnostic or atheist; their only hope for the redemption of Israel will come from the collective intelligence, work and military strength of the Jewish people.  Such diverse theological positions and non-theological positions.

Who is the God of Israel?

The prophet Moses wrote in the Torah about Abraham’s grandson Jacob, the son of Isaac.  We read in the book of Genesis chapter 28;

28 So Isaac called Jacob and blessed him and charged him, and said to him, “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan. 2 Arise, go to Paddan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother’s father; and from there take to yourself a wife from the daughters of Laban your mother’s brother. 3 May God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and multiply you, that you may become a company of peoples. 4 May He also give you the blessing of Abraham, to you and to your descendants with you, that you may possess the land of your sojournings, which God gave to Abraham.” 5 Then Isaac sent Jacob away, and he went to Paddan-aram to Laban, son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.  Genesis 28:1-5 NASB

May El Shaddai bless you and make you fruitful

El Shaddai is the God of Abraham and Isaac.  El Shaddai is the Mighty God who nurtures His people.  El Shaddai is the all-sufficient Mighty God. [1]  El Shaddai was the God of Abraham and Isaac but would Jacob serve the God of His fathers?

Jacob's Dream at Bethel

Jacob’s dream at Bethel, by José de Ribera.

On his journey back to Paddan-aram Jacob had a dream.

“the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac”

10 Then Jacob departed from Beersheba and went toward Haran. 11 He came to a certain place and spent the night there, because the sun had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and put it under his head, and lay down in that place. 12 He had a dream, and behold, a ladder was set on the earth with its top reaching to heaven; and behold, the angels of God were ascending and descending on it. 13 And behold, the Lord stood above it and said, “I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie, I will give it to you and to your descendants. 14 Your descendants will also be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south; and in you and in your descendants shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 15 Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land; for I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.” 16 Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely the Lord is in this place, and I did not know it.” 17 He was afraid and said, “How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.”  Genesis 28:10-17 NASB

“the Elohim of your father Abraham and the Elohim of Isaac”

YHVH (Yĕhovah) said He is the Elohim of Abraham and the Elohim of Isaac.  The Hebrew word “Elohim” is a plural masculine noun for God.  Elohim is the plural of El (or possibly of Eloah) it is the first name for God given by Moses in the Tanakh: “In the beginning, God (Elohim) created the heavens and the earth” Genesis 1:1 [2]

Yĕhovah the Elohim who created the heavens and the earth is the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac.  Yĕhovah the Elohim of Abraham and Isaac appeared to Jacob in a dream and spoke to him and made promises to him about the future of the land he was sleeping on, multiplying his descendants and that through one of his offspring; all the families of the earth would be blessed.  God made promises to Abraham, and these promise were passed on to his grandson Jacob.  [3]


18 So Jacob rose early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on its top. 19 He called the name of that place Bethel; however, previously the name of the city had been Luz. 20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be with me and will keep me on this journey that I take, and will give me food to eat and garments to wear, 21 and I return to my father’s house in safety, then the Lord will be my God. 22 This stone, which I have set up as a pillar, will be God’s house, and of all that You give me I will surely give a tenth to You.”  Genesis 28:18-22 NASB

Bethel means “House of El” or “House of God”.  [4]

“El Shaddai” & “Thy Word” performed by Amy Grant and Michael W. Smith

Moses wrote in Genesis chapter 32 that Jacob wrestled all night with a “man” who later Jacob stated is God (El).  The Person from heaven who looked like a man but turned out to be God changed Jacob’s name to Israel and blessed him.

Who is this “man” who turned out to be “God”?

Jacob Wrestles with God

24 Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25 When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob’s thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him. 26 Then he said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” But he said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.” 27 So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.” 28 He said, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed.” 29 Then Jacob asked him and said, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And he blessed him there. 30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, for he said, “I have seen God face to face, yet my life has been preserved.” 31 Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh. 32 Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.

Genesis 32:24-32 NASB

The prophet Moses wrote that Jacob was left alone, “and a man wrestled with him until daybreak”.  Who was this man that wrestled with Jacob?  Why did Jacob think this man had the authority to bless him?

Who is the God of Israel?

Some believe that Jacob wrestled with an angel.  Yet Moses wrote that Jacob said, “I have seen God face to face, yet my life has been preserved.”  Was Jacob right?  Did Jacob wrestle with God, and see God face to face?  Jacob was so convinced he had a real encounter with God that he named the place Peniel, which means “face of God”.

Jacob’s new name Israel means to “struggle with God” and man and prevail.  Jacob wrestled all night with God, and persevered in faith; to be blessed by God.  Israel is the new name given to Jacob by God.  Some believe the “man” who later is revealed to be “God“, who blessed Jacob and gave him the new name Israel; is the pre-incarnate Moshiach, the Son of the living God.  The prophet Micah wrote that the Moshiach existed long before His incarnation, long before His birth in Bethlehem;

“But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,

Too little to be among the clans of Judah,

From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel.

His goings forth are from long ago,

From the days of eternity.”

Micah 5:2 NASB

Jacob asked the “man” he wrestled with, “Please tell me your name.” But the “man” who turns out to be God said, “Why is it that you ask my name?”  The God-man eluded Jacob’s question with another question and left His identity obscure.  Jacob has had a real encounter with the God of Abraham and Isaac, yet he does not know His name.

The God of Israel, is the Lord of hosts

The prophet Isaiah wrote that the Lord of hosts, is the God of Israel;

“O Lord of hosts, the God of Israel,

who is enthroned above the cherubim,

You are the God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth.

You have made heaven and earth.

Isaiah 37:16 NASB

Isaiah had a vision of the Lord of hosts on His throne;

In the year of King Uzziah’s death I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple. 2 Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called out to another and said,

“Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts,

The whole earth is full of His glory.”

Isaiah 6:1-3 NASB


Then I heard the voice of the Lord, saying,

“Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?”

Then I said, “Here am I. Send me!”  

Isaiah 6:8 NASB

Isaiah receives his call as a prophet from the Lord of hosts.  Isaiah responded, “Here am I.  Send me!”  Why does the Yĕhovah refer to Himself both in the singular and in the plural?  “Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?”  (See Genesis 1:26)  The triune Almighty God — Elohim (plural noun for mighty God) who is revealed in the Torah is a unique unified one, therefore the verbs and adjectives used with Elohim are singular.

Yehovah Elohim exists, He causes all things to come into existence.  Yehovah Elohim is the self-existent One.  Yehovah Elohim is the great “I AM”; who is, who was, who is to come.   He is the first cause; Creator of the universe, all that is seen and unseen, all that is visible and invisible.  Yehovah Elohim, the Lord our God is a unique unified one.

El is a Semitic name for God.  The Hebrew word “Elohim” is a plural masculine noun that means the strong supreme One, Almighty God.  Moses also writes in the Torah of our Almighty God (Elohim) in the plural in Genesis 3:22 and Genesis 11:7.

Then the LORD God said,

“Behold, the man has become like one of Us…”

Genesis 3:22 NASB

The prophet Isaiah tells us that the Lord of hosts created the heavens and the earth.

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, even Israel whom I called;

I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.

13 “Surely My hand founded the earth,

And My right hand spread out the heavens;

When I call to them, they stand together.

Isaiah 48:12-13 NASB

Isaiah explains more of who was involved in the creation of the heavens and the earth in Isaiah chapter 48, verses 12-16.  The “Me” mentioned in verse 12 is identified as “I am the first, I am also the last” who is the maker of the heavens.  Who is the “I AM the First, I AM the Last” who made the heavens and the earth?  If we look back in Isaiah 48, verse 2 we see the “Me” is identified as “the God of Israel; the Lord of hosts”.  The Lord of hosts is the Commander of heavens armies.

The Lord of hosts, is the First and the Last; who created the heavens and the earth.  In chapter 48, verse 16 we see that the “Lord of hosts”, who is “the First and the Last” maker of the heavens and the earth was sent by the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yĕhovah in Hebrew).  What is the significance of the fact that the Lord GOD sent the Lord of hosts?  We see that the theology of the Tanach is consistent with the teaching of Yeshua the Moshiach and the New Testament writers.   The belief that Elohim is a unified one Lord is supported by numerous scriptures throughout the Tanach, one being Isaiah 48:16 which includes a reference to three distinct divine Persons.

“And now the Lord GOD has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

Isaiah 48:16 NASB

1. Lord GOD

2. “Me”

3. His Spirit

So who is this “Me’ in verse 16?  The “Me” in verse 16 is the Lord of hosts, the First and the Last who created the heavens and the earth.  If we turn to the last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation to find a clue who this mystery Person is.  The apostle John writes, “Fear not, ‘I am the first and the last, and the living one.  I died and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.” Revelation 1:17-18 John reveals that the one speaking is Yeshua the risen Savior, the promised Moshiach.  Yeshua is the Lord of host; who said, “I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.”

1. Lord GOD = Adonai Yĕhovah

2. “Me” = the Yĕhovah of hosts, who is Adonai Yeshua

3. His Spirit = His Ruach (Spirit of Adonai Yĕhovah) [5]


 “And now the Adonai Yĕhovah has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

Isaiah 48:16

Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace

In chapter 9, Isaiah wrote a prophecy concerning the Moshiach;

For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;

And the government will rest on His shoulders;

And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,

Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.

7 There will be no end to the increase of

His government or of peace,

On the throne of David and over his kingdom,

To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness

From then on and forevermore.

The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

Isaiah 9:6-7 NASB


Michael Card and Sara Groves sing El Shaddai

What is this blessing promised to both Abraham and Jacob that would bless all the families of the earth?

Through Jacob’s family line, the Moshiach was born and He will bring redemption for all the families of the earth; those chosen before the foundation of the world, from every tribe and language and people and nation. [6]

Saul of Tarsus, from the region of Cilicia was the son of a Pharisee from the tribe of Benjamin who was schooled under Rabbi Gamaliel in Jerusalem.   Saul in his religious zeal was a persecutor of the early church.  Later, Saul became a believer in Yeshua the Moshiach.  Saul like Jacob was given a new name after his encounter with the Moshiach.  Jacob was given the name Israel, and Saul was given the name Paul when Yeshua appeared to him in a vision on the road to Damascus. [7]

Paul the apostle wrote to Jewish and Gentile believers in Moshiach this commentary on Genesis;

6 Even so Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. 7 Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham. 8 The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.” 9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer.  Galatians 3:6-9 NASB

Yeshua the Moshiach is the blessing promised to Abraham.  So that now, both Jews and Gentiles may receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. [8]  Moshiach is the One who would come and bless all the families of the earth.  The promises were made to Abraham and to his decedent, namely the Moshiach. [9]

Can a Jewish person find eternal redemption by attempting to obey the 613 Laws of Torah?  Can a Gentile person find eternal redemption by attempting to obey the 7 Noahide Laws?  Will both Jew and non-Jew be assured of a place in the World to Come (Olam Haba), the final reward of the righteous; by keeping the Law of God?

Moses wrote in the Torah; that Abram believed the Lord, and He credited it to him as righteousness. [10]

The Law given through Moses does not nullify the promise God made to Abraham, of righteousness by faith.  The 613 Mosaic Laws were given 430 years after God made the covenant with Abraham, which included among other things; the promise of the Moshiach and righteousness by faith.  The apostle Paul explains; the law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise. 18 For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer depends on the promise; but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise. [11]

Why then, was the law given?

The Law was given because of transgressions until the Moshiach had come. [12]  The Moshiach is the descendant of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob who would bless “all the families of the earth”. [13]

13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15 for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.  Romans 4:13-15 NASB

The promised Moshiach came at the appointed time, He lived among us and then willingly laid down His life as a sacrificial offering for our many sins.  The sinless Moshiach took all our sins upon Himself, so that we might become God’s righteous people by faith.  The prophet Zechariah wrote about the invasion of Israel and the siege of Jerusalem by many nations just prior to the return of the Moshaich;

2 “Behold, I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that causes reeling to all the peoples around; and when the siege is against Jerusalem, it will also be against Judah. 3 It will come about in that day that I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples; all who lift it will be severely injured. And all the nations of the earth will be gathered against it.  Zechariah 12:2-3 NASB

5 Then the clans of Judah will say in their hearts, ‘A strong support for us are the inhabitants of Jerusalem through the Lord of hosts, their God.’   Zechariah 12:5 NASB

Then one day, the Lord of hosts will return to Jerusalem; and the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem will look on the Lord of hosts, “whom they have pierced”; and they will mourn.  We read in Zechariah 12:10 “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.”

The God of Israel is the Lord of hosts.  The Lord of hosts is the One who was pierced for our transgression; Yeshua the promised Moshiach. [14]  In Zechariah chapter 14, we read about the millennial reign of the Moshiach King on earth when He will rule from Jerusalem; 16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them.   Zechariah 14:16-17 NASB


[1] El Shaddai is the all-sufficient Mighty God.

[2] Elohim a Hebrew word for God is the plural of El (or possibly Eloah).

[3] A continuation of the promise to Abram in Genesis 12:1-3

[4] Bethel means “House of El” or “House of God”.

[5] His Ruach Adonai Yehovah (see Isaiah 61:1)

[6] If you belong to Moshiach then you are Abram’s descendants, heirs according to promise; Galatians 3:26-29.  People redeemed from every tribe, language, people and nation; Revelation 5:9-10.  The saints (elect believers in the Moshiach) were chosen by God before the foundation of the world, Ephesians 1:4-6 and 1:11-12.

[7] Saul of Tarsus, Acts 21:39.  Saul from the tribe of Benjamin, Romans 11:1.  Saul was schooled by Rabbi Gamaliel in Jerusalem, Acts 22:3. Saul a persecutor of the early church, Acts 8:3.  Yeshua appeared to Saul on the road to Damascus, Acts 9:1-31.

[8] In Moshiach the Gentiles receive the promise of the Spirit through faith, Galatians 3:14.

[9] Moshiach would bless all the families of the earth, Galatians 3:16.

[10] Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness.  Genesis 15:6 NIVUK.

[11] The 613 Laws given by Moses, do not nullify the promise God made to Abram of righteousness by faith; Galatians 3:17-19 NIVUK.

[12] Why was the Mosaic Law given? Galatians 3:19.

[13] All the families of the earth will be blessed through Abraham’s descendant the Moshiach, Genesis 12:3 and 28:14 and Galatians 3:16.

[14] “But He was pierced through for our transgressions”, Isaiah 53:5.  “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf”, 2 Corinthians 5:21.



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God’s Prophetic 70 Weeks

By David M. Cook

God gave His people the Tanakh, made up of the Torah, known as “the Law”; the five foundation books written by Moses, and the Neviim and Treisar, known as “the Prophets”; the prophetic writings of the major and minor Hebrew prophets, Ketuvim, “the Writings”; the Psalms of David, the Wisdom of Solomon, the sufferings of Job and the Megilot which includes these five books; Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther.  The Tanakh, known as the “Old Testament” in the Christian Bible; is a most unique and amazing collection of literature.  The triune Almighty God — Elohim (a Hebrew plural noun for Almighty God) who is revealed in the Torah, is a unique unified one.  Elohim has been actively involved in the Biblical story line throughout history, from the beginning until now; as well as working in and through each writer.  The Creator of the heavens and earth, the King of the universe, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob has given His people light, truth, revelation, and insight to understand His prophetic plan for humanity.  The central character of God’s plan of redemption is the promised Messiah foretold by the prophets.

First and foremost we learn from the scriptures written by Moses in the Torah, to love the LORD your God with all your, heart, soul and strength;

4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.

5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart

and with all your soul and with all your strength.

6 These commandments that I give you today

are to be upon your hearts.

7 Impress them on your children.

Talk about them when you sit at home

and when you walk along the road,

when you lie down and when you get up.

8 Tie them as symbols on your hands

and bind them on your foreheads.

9 Write them on the doorframes

of your houses and on your gates.

Deuteronomy 6:4-9 NIV

Our second priority is to love people, loving your neighbor as yourself.  If we love our neighbor we won’t covet what belongs to our neighbor, his house, his car, his fine threads or his wife.  These two priorities, loving God with our all and loving all of our neighbors sums up the writings of the Torah and the Hebrew prophets.

8Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another;

for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law.




and if there is any other commandment,

it is summed up in this saying,


10Love does no wrong to a neighbor;

therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.

Romans 13:8-10 NASB

If only we could do this each day, to love the Lord our God and to love every person in every instance.  But let’s be honest, not every day nor in every way; have we loved God with our all and loved all of our neighbors as ourselves at all times, at least I know I haven’t.  The prophet Isaiah tells us that I’m not alone.

All of us like sheep have gone astray,

Each of us has turned to his own way;

But the LORD has caused the iniquity of us all

To fall on Him.

Isaiah 53:6 NASB

Who is this righteous suffering Servant spoken of by Isaiah?  Who is this sacrificial Lamb who the Lord causes all of our iniquity to fall on?  All of us need a redemption.  We need a Redeemer, a Deliver, all of us need a Savior.  We need someone to redeem us, to deliver us, to save us from our all of our iniquities.  When there is no repentance, when there is no faith in God and His provision for our sin, then judgment comes.  Our sins have consequences, when God’s people refuse to listen, repent of sin and heed His Word, then the consequences are severe.

We read in 2 Chronicles chapter 36;

15 The LORD, the God of their fathers,

sent word to them through his messengers again and again,

because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place.

16 But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words

and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the LORD

was aroused against his people and there was no remedy.

17 He brought up against them the king of the Babylonians,

who killed their young men with the sword in the sanctuary,

and spared neither young man nor young woman, old man or aged.

God handed all of them over to Nebuchadnezzar.

18 He carried to Babylon all the articles from the temple of God,

both large and small, and the treasures of the LORD’s temple

and the treasures of the king and his officials.

19 They set fire to God’s temple

and broke down the wall of Jerusalem;

they burned all the palaces and destroyed everything of value there.

20 He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant,

who escaped from the sword,

and they became servants to him and his sons

until the kingdom of Persia came to power.

2 Chronicles 36:15-20 NIV

God’s own people mocked His messengers, despised His word and scoffed at His prophets until the wrath of the LORD was aroused against His people and there was no remedy.  Why do we do this?  Why such contempt of the Almighty, who is both our Father who is in heaven and a righteous Judge executing justice?  Since Adam in the garden after the fall of man, the sin problem has spread from one generation to the next, without remedy until God’s plan of atonement by His righteous suffering Servant was revealed as foretold by Isaiah.  How would God solve the “sin” dilemma, the problem that all people of all time have sinned, (except one) and bring redemption for those He chose and those He loves?  God’s people despaired when they arrived in Babylon, it seemed no hope was to be found, and they were in captivity for many years.  The first temple and much of Jerusalem including the wall were burned and destroyed.  Many men and women, young and old were killed with the sword by the Babylonian army, but a remnant of Israel survived and were carried off to Babylon in exile for seventy years.

The Tanakh is a collection of scriptures inspired by God, when we read it or hear it read your faith may commence and increase.  God gave His people an amazing prophecy in the book of Daniyel chapter 9 about the arrival of an anointed Prince who would atone for our iniquities, His advent is paramount for Israel;

“You are to know and understand

that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem

until one anointed, the Prince,

there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks;

it will be built again, with plaza and moat,

even in times of distress.”

Daniel 9:25 HSV

What important message was Gabriel sent to earth to communicate?  Gabriel was sent to Daniel to let God’s people know when the Messiah the Prince would appear in history.  Gabriel informed Daniel that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince is presented, would be a specific period of time, “seven weeks and sixty-two weeks”.

When was the decree issued to restore and rebuild Jerusalem?

We read in the book of Nehemiah chapter 2,

1 In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes,

when wine was brought for him,

I took the wine and gave it to the king.

I had not been sad in his presence before; 2 so the king asked me,

“Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill?

This can be nothing but sadness of heart.”

I was very much afraid, 3 but I said to the king,

“May the king live forever!

Why should my face not look sad

when the city where my fathers are buried lies in ruins,

and its gates have been destroyed by fire?”

4 The king said to me, “What is it you want?”

Then I prayed to the God of heaven, 5 and I answered the king,

“If it pleases the king and if your servant

has found favor in his sight,

let him send me to the city in Judah where my fathers are buried

so that I can rebuild it.”

Nehemiah 2:1-4 NIV

We read in this scripture that Nehemiah asks permission of the ruler of the Persian Empire, King Artaxerxes; if he may go and rebuild Jerusalem in the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year of the reign King Artaxerxes.  As we read further into the chapter we find out that permission was granted, with protection for safe passage to return to his homeland and building materials were provided as requested by Nehemiah.  So the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem was issued by Artaxerxes Longimanus on March 14, 445 B.C. [1]  Other mandates were issued by Cyrus King of the Persian Empire, we read of one in the book of Ezra chapter 1 verses 1 through 4. Cyrus issued a decree to rebuild the Jewish Temple, but since Gabriel stipulates in Daniel chapter 9 verse 25, “with plaza and moat” to restore and rebuild the city of Jerusalem (not the temple), therefore we can conclude that the decree issued by Artaxerxes Longimanus is the starting point to calculate the 69 weeks.

Israel’s hope and future is intimately intertwined with the advent of the anointed Prince, the promised Messiah.  From the beginning God knew He would redeem His people, so that our sin would not separate us from knowing the true and living YHVH, the self existent God; who is the first cause of all.  Out of God’s great love for His people it was His purpose to send His righteous Servant to atone for all our iniquity.  The Hebrew prophets foretold that God’s promised Messiah, the anointed Prince would die a sacrificial death as a scapegoat for all sin.

Moses gives us a foreshadowing of this concept through the father of faith, our father Abraham.  As you know, Abraham and Sarah were unable to have children but God gave him a promise that he would have a son, whose birth was a miracle.  Our father Abraham, a loving father was tested, he was asked to sacrifice his beloved son on the altar, although God stopped him. [2]  This is known in Hebrew as the Akedah.  Because Abraham obeyed Elohim’s voice, God gave Abraham the promise that one of his “Seed” or offspring would bless all the nations of the earth.

“In your seed

all the nations of the earth shall be blessed,

because you have obeyed My voice.”

Genesis 22:18 NIV

Who is the promised Seed who will bless all the nations of the earth?  This is a promise by God about the Messiah who would come to earth, in the fullness of times.  God gave us the Akedah, the account of Abraham offering Isaac as a sacrifice in the Torah, in order to see what He Himself would be required to do for His people in the future.  The Lord our God would provide a sacrifice for sin, His own beloved Son of promise, whose birth was a miracle, is the innocent Lamb who atoned for all our sin. God did provide for Himself the perfect Lamb, this was His plan for redemption for His people, to deliver us from our sin.

While Israel was in exile in Babylon, in response to Daniels contrite confession of his sin and the sins of his people God sent Gabriel with a special communiqué from the Almighty about the advent of an anointed Prince who would atone for the iniquity of us all – the promised Messiah.

24“Seventy weeks have been decreed

for your people and your holy city,

to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin,

to make atonement for iniquity,

to bring in everlasting righteousness,

to seal up vision and prophecy

and to anoint the most holy place.

Daniel 9:24 NASB

Some say we should look for the anointed Prince after 7 weeks (or 49 years), although when we look 49 years after the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem there is not an anointed Prince in Jerusalem who came to atone for sin.  But when we look in history 69 weeks after the decree we discover who the anointed Prince is.  So let’s go figure.  When we think of a “week” we think of 7 days, but in Daniel 9:25 a “week” refers to seven years instead of seven days.  A “week” of years is similar to a decade. A decade is ten years; but a “week” of years is seven years.  So we have 7 ‘sevens’ and 62 ‘sevens’.  If you add 7 weeks plus 62 weeks there is 69 weeks of years.

69 weeks of years is 69 times 7 years which equals 483 years.

The U.S.A. currently uses the Gregorian calendar that is a 365-day year, based upon the Anno Domini system that counts years from the traditional incarnation of Yeshua the Messiah.  Ancient calendars by the Hebrews, Egyptians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks, Phoenicians, Chinese, Mayans and other civilizations were based on a 360-day year.  These ancient calendars usually were based on twelve 30-day months. [3]  We see this reflected in Bible prophecies in both the Tanakh (Old Testament) and New Testament with a 30-day month and a 360-day year, referred to by some Biblical scholars and theologians as a “Prophetic Calendar” [4]

So 69 times 7 years equals 483 years,

and 483 years times 360-days equals 173,880 days.

Gabriel gave insight to Daniel that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until an anointed Prince there will be seven seven-year periods plus sixty-two seven-year periods of time; which equals 483 years.  Then when we multiply 483 years times 360-days this equals 173,880 days.  This anointed One, the Mäshiach, who is the anointed “Prince of Peace”, the “Prince of princes”, the King of kings; came to redeem God’s people and atone for our sins; “the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.” [5]

The English word “prince” used here in Hebrew is “nagid” – a leader, ruler, prince, commander-in-chief, or king. [6]  Isaiah tells us that Mäshiach is “Mighty God”, “Prince of Peace”. [7]  He is also the “Commander of the host” of heaven, the “Prince of princes”, [8] He is the anointed “King of kings” and Lord of lords. [9]

When did the anointed One, the Mäshiach, the anointed King come to Jerusalem?  Yeshua the Mäshiach rode into Jerusalem on a colt, the foal of a donkey and was presented as King on April 6, 32 A.D. [10]

The Hebrew prophet Zachariah prophesied under the inspiration of the Spirit of the Lord;

Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion!

Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem!

See, your king comes to you,

righteous and having salvation,

gentle and riding on a donkey,

on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

Zachariah 9:9 NIV

We read in chapter 19 of Luke’s account about an important event of the ministry of Yeshua the Mäshiach;

35They brought it to Jesus,

and they threw their coats on the colt and put Jesus on it.

36As He was going, they were spreading their coats on the road.

37As soon as He was approaching,

near the descent of the Mount of Olives,

the whole crowd of the disciples

began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice

for all the miracles which they had seen,



Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

39Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him,

“Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.”

40But Jesus answered,

“I tell you, if these become silent,

the stones will cry out!”

Luke 19:35-40 NASB

From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem on March 14, 445 B.C. by Artaxerxes Longimanus until Yeshua arrived and was presented in Jerusalem as the Messianic King on April 6, 32 A.D.; we discover that when we calculate 69 weeks of years (or 483 years and correct for leap years) it figures out to be 173,880 days to the day. [11]

How is this possible, to announce the coming of the Anointed One, the Lord’s Mäshiach, the King of Zion; five centuries before the historical event transpires in precise detail?  The Tanakh is an amazing collection of books, our awesome God orchestrated it.  YHVH our Elohim is omniscient, the future is as clear to Him as the present and the past; He knows the beginning from the end.  YHVH our Elohim is the A & Z, the beginning and the end, the Creator and the Judge.  Our Father in heaven wanted His people to know exactly when His Son, the Prince of princes and King of kings; would arrive on earth and step forward as the Messiah.  God is faithful, He keeps His promises, He is not like men, nor is He like the sons of men who do not fulfill their word. [12]

In Daniel 9:24 God’s angelic messenger Gabriel communicated that it had been our heavenly Father’s plan to redeem us by paying the debt of sin, in order to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, and to bring in everlasting righteousness.  The penalty for sin was paid for.  Messiah’s sacrificial death on the cross was not for his own transgressions, but His suffering and excruciating execution on the cross were for our sin; His life was given as an atonement for our transgressions.  His human body was “cut off”, he was crucified.  Yeshua is the perfect sacrificial Lamb who is without sin, the day of His death on the cross was God’s provision for all sin for all time; it was the day of atonement.  He is the one who came to save His people from all of our sins.

The city of Jerusalem and the glorious second temple were destroyed as foretold by Gabriel to Daniel in chapter 9 verse 26;

After the sixty-two weeks the Anointed One will be cut off,

but not for Himself.

The people of the prince that will come;

will destroy the city and the temple,

the end will come with a flood

and desolations are determined until the end of the war.

Daniel 9:26 HSV

YHVH Elohim sent Gabriel to tell His people that an Anointed Prince, who is the promised Messiah must come, atone for sin and be killed before the destruction of Jerusalem and the second temple which occurred in 70 A.D., when the Roman legions fought under Titus Vespasian and the Roman army leveled the city.  Tragically, most of the Jewish people did not recognize the time of their visitation by Yeshua the Mäshiach, God’s promised Messianic King.

because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.”

As the anointed King approached Jerusalem, He wept over the city and He gave the reason why the second temple and the city of Jerusalem were destroyed as predicted by Gabriel in Daniel 9:26;

41When He approached Jerusalem,

He saw the city and wept over it,

42saying, “If you had known in this day,

even you, the things which make for peace!

But now they have been hidden from your eyes.

43For the days will come upon you

when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you,

and surround you and hem you in on every side,

44and they will level you to the ground

and your children within you,

and they will not leave in you one stone upon another,

because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.”

Luke 19:41-44 NASB

Both God’s messenger the angel Gabriel and Yeshua the Son God, the promised Messiah prophesied the destruction of the second temple and Jerusalem.  In the Bible we see both the severity of God’s judgment and the mercy and love of our Father who is in heaven.  Messiah Yeshua explained God’s plan for our redemption and salvation, and how to receive eternal life.

14“As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness,

even so must the Son of Man be lifted up;

15so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life.

16“For God so loved the world,

that He gave His only begotten Son,

that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

17“For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world,

but that the world might be saved through Him.

18“He who believes in Him is not judged;

he who does not believe has been judged already,

because he has not believed

in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

John 3:14-18 NASB

In the fullness of times, Messiah did come and was presented as King in Jerusalem.  In the Gospel of John we read how God blesses all those who believe in and receive His Son, Yeshua the promised Messiah;

11He came to His own,

and those who were His own did not receive Him.

12But as many as received Him,

to them He gave the right to become children of God,

even to those who believe in His name,

13who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh

nor of the will of man, but of God.

John 1:11-13 NASB

The seventieth week is a seven-year period of time that soon will be upon us, known as “the time of Jacob’s trouble”.  This seven-year period of time is revealed to us prophetically by the Lord our God in much detail by the prophets. [13]  At the end of God’s prophetic 70th week, there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will. [14]  Yeshua the Messiah, the Son of the living God will come on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.  He will send His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect people from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. [15]  Then God’s righteous wrath will be poured out on the earth [16] and then Messiah will return as promised and fight the wars of God [17], set up His messianic millennial reign of peace; [18] where He will rule the nations in the strength of His might with a rod of iron from Jerusalem. [19]  Blessed are those who long for His appearing!

Source Notes:

[1] Anderson, Robert, The Coming Prince, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1894. The classic work on the Seventy Weeks of Daniel.

[2] Genesis 22:1-19

[3] Missler, Chuck, “Hidden Treasures in the Biblical Text”, Koinonia House, 2001, Page 43.

[4] Genesis 7:24; 8:3,4; Revelation 11:2; 12:6; 13:3,4

[5] Isaiah 53:6 NASB

[6] New American Standard, Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible; Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries: Holman, Nashville, TN.

[7] Isaiah 9:6

[8] Daniel 8:11 & 25.

[9] Revelation 19:16

[10] Luke 3:1, Tiberias appointed in A.D. 14; 15th year, A.D. 29; the 4th Passover occurred in A.D. 32.  Also, read the thought provoking book by author: McDowell, Josh, “The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict”, Thomas Nelson, 1999, page 199.

[11] Missler, Chuck, “Daniel’s 70 Weeks”, Koinonia House, 2004.  (Also, the recording of “Expositional Commentary on Daniel”)

[12] Numbers 23:19

[13] Jeremiah 30:1-24, Matthew 24:15-35, Revelation chapters 6 to chapter 19.

[14] Matthew 24:21

[15] Matthew 24:29-31

[16] Revelation 16:1-21

[17] Zechariah 12:8-10, Zechariah 14:2-4, Isaiah 2:12-19, Isaiah 63:1-6, Revelation 19:11-21

[18] Isaiah 2:1-4, Isaiah 11:1-10

[19] Revelation 2:27, Revelation 19:15, Ezekiel 40-48

Copywrite © 2010 David M. Cook, all rights reserved.

Published by VertiZontal Media™


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Abram believed the Lord

Abraham's journey to the Promised Land

By David Cook

Long ago there was a man named Terah who had a son named Abram who lived in Ur of the Chaldeans in the land of Mesopotamia.  Abram married Sarai, they wanted to have a child but she was unable to conceive and bear children.  In the book of Genesis the first book in the Bible, Moses wrote;

Then the Lord said to Abram; “Get out of your country, leave your relatives, your father’s house and come into the land that I will show you.  I will make of you a great nation, I will bless you and make your name great; and you will be a blessing.  I will bless those that bless you; and curse him that curses you.  In you, all of the families of the earth will be blessed.”   So Abram left Haran, as the Lord had instructed him to do; and Lot went with him.  Abram was seventy-five years old when he went out from Haran.  Abram took Sarai his wife, and his nephew Lot, and all their belongings they had accumulated and the servants and other people that joined them in Haran and they left and began the journey to go into the land of Canaan.  They continued their journey and entered the land of Canaan.  Then Abram passed through the land to the place of Shechem, to the plain of Moreh.  At that time the Canaanite people lived in the land.  The Lord appeared to Abram and said; “To your descendant I will give this land.”  So at that place, Abram built an altar for the Lord who appeared to him.  Then he left and went to a mountain on the east of Bethel, and set up his tent.  Bethel was on the west and Ai on the east, there Abram built an altar to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord.  Then Abram traveled on and continued toward the south.  There was a famine in the land; so Abram went down into Egypt to stay there for a while, since the famine in Canaan was severe.  Genesis 12:1-10 HSV

“Abram believed the Lord;

and the Lord counted it to him as righteousness.” 

–Moses in Genesis 15:6

 Later in Genesis chapter 15 we read;

After these events the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision; “Do not be afraid, Abram; I am your shield, and your extremely significant and enormous, long lasting reward.”  Abram said, “Lord God, what will you give to me, since I have no children, and the manager of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?  You have not given me a child, one born in my house is my heir.”  Apprehend this, the word of the Lord came to Abram; “This one will not be your heir; but he that will come from your own body will be your heir.”  The Lord brought Abram outside and said; “Look up toward heaven and count the stars if you are able to count them; so will your descendants be.”  Abram believed the Lord; and the Lord counted it to him as righteousness. He said to him; “I am the Lord that brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it.”  Genesis 15: 1-7 HSV

What are we to conclude about Abram who later is called Abraham and is known as the “father of faith”?  Saint Paul explains; —What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, discovered in this matter?  If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God.  What does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”  Now when a man works, his wages are not credited to him as a gift, but as an obligation.  However, to the man who does not work but trusts God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness.  Romans 4:1-5 NIV

So Abraham found righteousness with God because he believed God, he was justified by faith, not because he kept the law because the law had not been given yet.

Scripture taken from the ╬ HSV – Holy Scripture Version™, Copyright © 2009 by David M. Cook, all rights reserved.  Used by permission.

Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 Biblica. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.  The “NIV” and “New International Version” trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica. Use of either trademark requires the permission of Biblica.


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Children of Abraham

We discover in the book of Hebrews that– without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him. [1] Hebrews 11:6 NIV

By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going. By faith he made his home in the promised land like a stranger in a foreign country; he lived in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise. For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God. By faith Abraham, even though he was past age—and Sarah herself was barren—was enabled to become a father because he considered him faithful who had made the promise. And so from this one man, and he as good as dead, came descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as countless as the sand on the seashore. [2] Hebrews 11:8-12 NIV

God gave His law-the Torah through Moses; but God’s grace and truth came through Yeshua the promised Messiah!

“For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace.

For the Law was given through Moses;

grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.”

[3] John 1:16-17 NASB

Saint Paul reasons with believers in the Lord Jesus the promised Messiah from the scriptures; –So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?  Even so Abraham BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.  Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham.  The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU.”  So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer.  For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO PERFORM THEM.”  Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”  However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM.”  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us–for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE”– in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. [4] Galations 3:5-14 NASB

All the nations have been blessed in Abraham, because from his seed, that is his descendant Yeshua the promised Messiah comes the blessing of forgiveness of sins and righteousness and eternal life for those who believe God like Abraham.

Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, Copyright © 1960,1962,1963,1968,1971,1972,1973,1975,1977,1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.

Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 Biblica. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.  The “NIV” and “New International Version” trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica. Use of either trademark requires the permission of Biblica.

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Filed under Abram believed the Lord, Children of Abraham, God's promise to Abram, justification by faith, Messianic Prophecy, Moshiach