Tag Archives: Is the Messiah divine?

Miraculous birth of Eliyahu and virgin birth of Messiah

by David M. Cook

For many years and to this day the Jewish people have been looking for the arrival of the prophet Eliyahu (Elijah) who it was foretold that he would come before the great and terrible day of the Lord.

We read in the prophet Malachi;

4 “For behold, the day is coming, burning like a furnace; and all the arrogant and every evildoer will be chaff; and the day that is coming will set them ablaze,” says the Lord of hosts, “so that it will leave them neither root nor branch.” 2 “But for you who fear My name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will go forth and skip about like calves from the stall. 3 You will tread down the wicked, for they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day which I am preparing,” says the Lord of hosts.  4 “Remember the law of Moses My servant, even the statutes and ordinances which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel.  5 “Behold, I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord. 6 He will restore the hearts of the fathers to their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, so that I will not come and smite the land with a curse.”  Malachi 4:1-6 NASB

While Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah was living on earth He explained that Eliyahu (Elijah) did come but that the people did not recognize him.

17 Six days later Jesus *took with Him Peter and James and John his brother, and *led them up on a high mountain by themselves. 2 And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light. 3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4 Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” 5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud said, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him!” 6 When the disciples heard this, they fell face down to the ground and were terrified. 7 And Jesus came to them and touched them and said, “Get up, and do not be afraid.” 8 And lifting up their eyes, they saw no one except Jesus Himself alone.  9 As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, “Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.” 10 And His disciples asked Him, “Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” 11 And He answered and said, “Elijah is coming and will restore all things; 12 but I say to you that Elijah already came, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they wished. So also the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands.” 13 Then the disciples understood that He had spoken to them about John the Baptist.   Matthew 17:1-13 NASB

We read about the miraculous birth of Eliyahu (who is John the baptist) in the gospel of Luke chapter one.  We learn that his parents Zacharias and Elizabeth were not able to have children (as was also true of Abraham and Sarah);

5 In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah; and he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6 They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. 7 But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both advanced in years.   Luke 1:5-7 NASB

Luke gives us the amazing account of John’s (Elihahu’s) miraculous birth.  While Zacharias was performing his priestly service in the Temple he was visited by the angel Gabriel.

8 Now it happened that while he was performing his priestly service before God in the appointed order of his division, 9 according to the custom of the priestly office, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 Zacharias was troubled when he saw the angel, and fear gripped him. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your petition has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name John. 14 You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will drink no wine or liquor, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit while yet in his mother’s womb. 16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel back to the Lord their God. 17 It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous, so as to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” 

18 Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I know this for certain? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in years.” 19 The angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 And behold, you shall be silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time.”  Luke 1:8-20 NASB

After the birth of his son, Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied this concerning his son John:

68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,
For He has visited us and accomplished redemption for His people,
69 And has raised up a horn of salvation for us
In the house of David His servant—
70 As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from of old—
71 Salvation from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 To show mercy toward our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant,
73 The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74 To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies, Might serve Him without fear,
75 In holiness and righteousness before Him all our days.
76 “And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High;
For you will go on before the Lord to prepare His ways;
77 To give to His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
78 Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Sunrise from on high will visit us,
79 To shine upon those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death, To guide our feet into the way of peace.”                                     

Luke 1:68-79 NASB

John (Eliyahu) is the prophet of the Most High; who went before Messiah Yeshua our Lord to prepare His ways.  Below is a link to a radio program about the miraculous birth of John and the virgin birth of Messiah Yeshua.

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/eternityreadyradio/2013/12/11/eternity-talk-presents-christmas-rama-2013

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Filed under a sign from God, Anointed One, Elijah, Elijah coming before the day of the Lord, Eliyahu, Mashiach, Messiah, Messianic Prophecy, Moshiah

“The Lord GOD has sent Me, and His Spirit”

by David M. Cook

The Biblical narrative has central characters to the overarching story.  A primary character of the Biblical narrative is the promised Messiah (Moshiach in Hebrew, which means “anointed”) The Moshiach is mentioned in the beginning in the book of Genesis and throughout the Tanach.  The Mosiach made His advent into visible human history in the fullness of time, as foretold by the Jewish prophets.   The prophet Micah foretold that Moshiach would be born in Bethlehem the city of David.  Micah gives us this insight of Moshiach that He existed from long ago, from eternity past.

“But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,

Too little to be among the clans of Judah,

From you One will go forth for Me to

Be ruler in Israel.

His goings forth are from long ago,

From the days of eternity.”

Micah 5:2 NASB

Moses (Moshe in Hebrew) begins the Biblical narrative with these words,

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” [1]

The Hebrew word used here for God is Elohim.  Elohim is a plural masculine noun for God.  Why did Moshe chose a plural noun for God?

Elohim said,

“Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness;” 

Genesis 1:26 NASB

Here in the first chapter of Genesis Moshe quotes Elohim speaking to other Persons of the triune Elohim in the plural.  Is Moshe consistent in the the Torah about the nature of Elohim?

“Hear O Israel, The Lord our God, the Lord is one.” 

Deuteronomy 6:4 NASB

Why did Moshe use the word “one” to describe Yehovah Elohim?  Moshe wanted Israel to understand that Yehovah Elohim is one, a unified one.  The word “one” in Hebrew is “echad”, which like the English word “one” has more than one meaning.  The word echad can mean one alone, that is a singularity; or a unified one, such as the Holy Trinity.  The Yehovah our Elohim is a unified one Lord.  Was Moshe theologically wrong to use a plural noun for God?  Did Moshe misquote Elohim when He said, “Let Us make man in Our image”?  Who are the “Us” or Co-Creators involved in the creation of man?  Moshe was not wrong to use the plural noun Elohim as the Creator of the heavens and earth, but very accurate; Moshe wrote under the inspiration of the Spirit of the Lord.

 12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, even Israel whom I called;
I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.
13 “Surely My hand founded the earth,
And My right hand spread out the heavens;
When I call to them, they stand together.

Isaiah 48:12-13 NASB

Isaiah explains more of who was involved in the creation of the heavens and the earth in Isaiah chapter 48, verses 12-16.  The “Me” mentioned in verse 12 is identified as “I am the first, I am also the last” who is the maker of the heavens.  Who is the “I AM the First, I AM the Last” who made the heavens and the earth?  If we look back in Isaiah 48, verse 2 we see the “Me” is identified as “the God of Israel; the Lord of hosts”.  The Lord of hosts is the Commander of heavens armies.

The Lord of hosts, is the First and the Last; who created the heavens and the earth.  In chapter 48, verse 16 we see that the “Lord of hosts”, who is “the First and the Last” maker of the heavens and the earth was sent by the “Lord GOD” (Adonai Yĕhovah in Hebrew).  What is the significance of the fact that the Lord GOD sent the Lord of hosts?  We see that the theology of the Tanach is consistent with the teaching of Yeshua the Moshiach and the New Testament writers.   The belief that Elohim is a unified one Lord is supported by numerous scriptures throughout the Tanach, one being Isaiah 48:16 which includes a reference to three distinct divine Persons.

“And now the Lord GOD has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

Isaiah 48:16 NASB

1. Lord GOD
2. “Me”
3. His Spirit

So who is this “Me’ in verse 16?  The “Me” in verse 16 is the Lord of hosts, the First and the Last who created the heavens and the earth.  If we turn to the last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation to find a clue who this mystery Person is.  The apostle John writes, “Fear not, ‘I am the first and the last, and the living one.  I died and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.” Revelation 1:17-18 John reveals that the one speaking is Yeshua the risen Savior, the promised Moshiach.  Yeshua is the Lord of host; who said, “I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.”

1. Lord GOD = Adonai Yĕhovah
2. “Me” = the Yĕhovah of hosts, who is Adonai Yeshua
3. His Spirit = His Ruach (Spirit of Adonai Yĕhovah) [2]

“And now the Adonai Yĕhovah has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

Isaiah 48:16

Is what Isaiah wrote concerning the nature of God consistent with the teachings of Yeshua?  Is Isaiah’s prophecy in chapter 48 consistent with the New Testament writers about the nature of God?

The apostle John wrote;

“In the beginning was the Word,

and the Word was with God,

and the Word was God. 

He was in the beginning with God. 

All things came into being by Him,

and apart from Him nothing came into being

that has come into being.” [3]

The apostle Paul is in agreement with both the Jewish prophet Isaiah and John the apostle.  Paul wrote to believers in Yeshua the Moshiach and explained to them about how Elohim’s plan is centered on His beloved Son, the incomparable Moshiach;

“For He delivered us from the domain of darkness,

and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son,

in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. 

And He is the image of the invisible God,

the first-born of all creation. 

For by Him all things were created,

both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible,

whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—

all things have been created by Him and for Him. 

And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.” [4]

John tells us this about Yeshua the promised Moshiach;

“There was the true light which,

coming into the world, enlightens every man. 

He was in the world, and the world was made through Him,

and the world did not know Him. 

He came to His own, (the Jewish People)

and those who were His own did not receive Him. 

But as many as received Him,

to them He gave the right to become children of God,

even to those who believe in His name,

who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,

nor of the will of man, but of God.” [5]

So we see that what Isaiah wrote in chapter 48 is consistent with what Moshe wrote in the Torah, as well as the writings of the New Testament apostles and the teachings of the Moshiach Himself.

1. Lord GOD = Adonai Yĕhovah = Father in heaven
2. “Me” = Adonai Yeshua = Son of God
3. His Spirit = Ruach of the Adonai Yĕhovah = Spirit of the Lord GOD

Yeshua the Moshiach said;

“My sheep hear My voice,

and I know them, and they follow Me;

and I give eternal life to them, and they shall never perish;

and no one shall snatch them out of My hand.

  My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all;

and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 

I and the Father are one.”  [6]

The Moshiach and His Father in heaven are echad, a unified one Elohim.  The Adonai Yĕhovah (Lord GOD) sent Yeshua the promised Moshiach in the fullness of time just as the Jewish prophets foretold.  So Isaiah was writing under under the inspiration of the Spirit of the Lord in his book to Israel when he wrote quoting the per-incarnate Moshiach;

“The Lord GOD has sent Me, and His Spirit” [7]

Yeshua returned to Nazareth, where He grew up; and as was His norm, He went to the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read.  The book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him.  He opened the book and turned to the place where it was written;

“The Spirit of Adonai Yehovah is upon Me,

Because Yehovah has anointed Me

To bring the gospel to the poor;

He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted,

To announce liberty to captives

And freedom to prisoners;

To announce the year of favor of Yehovah.”

He closed the book, and He gave it back to the attendant, and sat down.

Every one in the synagogue fixed their eyes on Him.

Then He said; Today this scripture is fulfilled as you listen.

Luke 4:16-21 HSV

Yeshua read from Isaiah chapter 61:1-2, in this scripture we see the triune God; Father, Son and Holy Spirit.  The Spirit of  Adonai Yehovah is upon His Son the Messiah.  Yehovah anointed His Son to bring the gospel to the poor.  Yehovah sent His Son, Messiah Yeshua to heal the brokenhearted.  Here is an original song about the fulfillment of this prophecy in Isaiah chapter 61 by Lara Landon from her OVERCOME album, “The Spirit of the Lord”.

http://www.laralandononline.com/

[1] Genesis 1:1 NASB

[2] His Ruach Adonai Yehovah (see Isaiah 61:1)

[3] John 1:1-3 NASB

[4] Colossians 1:13-17 NASB

[5] John 1:9-13 NASB

[6] John 10:27-30 NASB

[7] Isaiah 48:16 NASB

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Is the Messiah divine?

By David Cook

Many of the Rabbis and religious leaders of the Jewish community today do not now believe that Messiah is divine and therefore is one of the reasons they reject Jesus as the Messiah since He claimed to be the Son of God.  (Although, certainly the Messianic Jewish Rabbis do believe Messiah is the Son of God.)

Evidently, these Rabbis who do not believe that Moshiach/Mashiach (Messiah) is divine have overlooked their own scriptures (or perhaps do not understand them or worse yet do not believe the Tanakh).  For example in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) the prophet Micah gives us this clue;

“But thou, Beth-lehem Ephrathah,

which art little to be among the thousands of Judah,

out of thee shall one come forth unto Me that is to be ruler in Israel;

whose goings forth are from of old, from ancient days.”

Micah 5:2 Hebrew Bible JPS version

http://www.hareidi.org/bible/Micah5.htm#2

This ruler (King) who will come from Bethlehem will rule Israel in the future who existed from long ago from the ancient days. This phrase from “ancient days” is a reference to eternity past, this ruler existed before his birth on earth.  The name “Ancient of days” a reference to Hashem (Hebrew word for “the name” since the Jews rarely us the name for God so as not to accidently use His name in vain).  The prophet Daniel uses this name for God, “Ancient of days” in Chapter 7:13-14  One who existed from long, long ago, from eternity.

“I saw in the night visions, and, behold, there came with the clouds of heaven one like unto a son of man, and he came even to the Ancient of days, and he was brought near before Him.

And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” Daniel 7:13-14 JPS

http://www.hareidi.org/bible/Daniel7.htm#2

In this scripture passage in Daniel there came with the clouds of heaven a “son of man” (a name Yeshua the Messiah used to refer to Himself) approaches the throne of the “Ancient of days” (the throne of God) to receive authority for an eternal kingdom that will never be destroyed. Jesus is both the son of man and the Son of God. He approaches the throne of His Father to receive the Messianic eternal Kingdom that will never be destroyed.

When the Magi followed a star and traveled from the east (most likely Babylon modern day Iraq) to Jerusalem to worship the new born King of the Jews (Messiah) this caused quite a uproar in Jerusalem and especially with King Herod who was greatly threaten by this.

“After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.”

When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born. “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written:

“‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for out of you will come a ruler
who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.'”
Matthew 2:1-6 NIV

http://tinyurl.com/ydwq3g8

Note above when King Herod asked the Chief Priests and Rabbis where would Messiah (the Christ) be born they answered in Bethlehem of Judah and then they quoted the prophet Micha 5:2. So it was the belief of the Jewish experts who were alive when Messiah was born (who were well versed in the study of the Tanakh) that the Messiah would be from Bethlehem.  And they where right, He was born in Bethlehem.  Yet the Moshiach (Messiah) existed “from of old, from ancient days”, before His birth in Bethlehem; before Genesis 1:1.

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